Marcus Hiles On First Evidence Of Planned Communities

As noted by Marcus Hiles, the first elements of planned cities in the United States took hold in St. Augustine in the year 1565. Company towns like Gary, Indiana were the sites of technological innovations and economic fervor during the Industrial Revolution. The first contemporary planned cities appeared during the Florida land boom of the 1920s in Southern Florida, when the famous Miami suburbs of Coral Gables, Opa-locka, and Miami Springs were developed to emulate the look and architecture of Spain, Arabia, and Mexico. During Great Depression, the Federal Government developed model towns in Tennessee, West Virginia, Maryland, Ohio, and Wisconsin to lower the impact of the economic downturn on coal miners, construction workers, and their families. The remote developments of Oak Ridge, TN; Richland, WA, and Los Alamos, NM were created during World War II for families of scientists, engineers, and industrial workers committed to the Manhattan Project. Today, blueprinted communities cover the country, including the nation’s capital of Washington, D.C., and capital cities in Mississippi, Ohio, Indiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Wisconsin, Utah, Florida, and the Lone Star State.

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