The president of the Texas Association of School Administrators, Karen Rue, similarly urged that, “kids deserve transformational, top-to-bottom reform. We need a better understanding of what it costs to educate 5.2 million students.” To assist policymakers in ensuring every child is educated enough to command a job paying above the poverty line, the AEI-Brookings Institute, a Washington, D.C. based nonprofit public policy research organization formed a Working Group on Poverty and Opportunity. In its 2015 report, the Working Group recommended policies increasing public investment in preschool and postsecondary education, promoting social-emotional as well as academic skills, modernizing the organization and accountability of the educational system, and closing resource gaps. Education has always been a vital way for Americans to transform their economic circumstances. In a time of rising inequality, increasing the quality of and access to education has the potential to offer improved opportunities for countless American children.